NEW DELHI: After the Election Commission announced the schedule for the 2019 parliamentary election on Sunday, AAP head and Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal said it was time to throw out the Narendra Modi dispensation, “the most dictatorial and anti-federal” government in the history of India, with the help of the people.”Ultimately back to ‘We the people’ –the real power of our democracy. Time to throw out the most dictatorial and anti-federal govt in the history of India. Time to seek answers on demonetisation, jobs, destruction of traders and destroying brotherhood amongst different communities,” Kejriwal said in a tweet. Lok Sabha elections will begin on April 11 and polling would be held over seven phases till May 19, followed by counting of all votes on May 23, the Election Commission announced on Sunday. The elections to seven Lok Sabha seats in Delhi will be held on May 12. The Election Commission has fixed the date for removal of the “autocratic” government in the country, said Delhi AAP convener Gopal Rai. “People of Delhi and the country were waiting for this day. The Modi government by violating all constitutional and democratic norms humiliated and paralysed the Delhi government,” he charged.
Some of the most active companies traded Thursday on the Toronto Stock Exchange:Toronto Stock Exchange (16,396.15, up 84.54 points).Aurora Cannabis Inc. (TSX:ACB). Health care. Up 33 cents, or 2.76 per cent, to $12.28 on 10 million shares.Prometic Life Sciences Inc. (TSX:PLI). Health care. Down three cents, or 14.63 per cent, to 17.5 cents on 7.3 million shares.MEG Energy Corp. (TSX:MEG). Energy. Up 27 cents, or 5.16 per cent, to $5.50 on seven million shares.Encana Corp. (TSX:ECA). Energy. Up 30 cents, or 3.23 per cent, to $9.59 on 6.8 million shares.Crescent Point Energy Corp. (TSX:CPG). Up 29 cents, or 6.99 per cent, to $4.44 on 5.8 million shares.Baytex Energy Corp. (TSX:BTX). Up 17 cents, or 7.66 per cent, to $2.39 on 5.4 million shares.Companies reporting:SNC-Lavalin Group Inc. (TSX:SNC). Down 56 cents, or 1.62 per cent, to $33.92 on 1.4 million shares. The company has signed a deal to sell the bulk of its stake in Ontario’s 407 toll highway operator for $3.25 billion, some of which will go toward a loan from Quebec’s pension fund. The OMERS pension plan will buy a 10.01 per cent stake in 407 International Inc., reducing SNC-Lavalin’s interest to 6.76 per cent, according to an agreement announced Friday.Corus Entertainment Inc. (TSX:CJR.B) Up 39 cents, or 6.06 per cent, to $6.83 on 2.3 million shares. The company said its television business is regaining popularity with advertisers, chief executive Doug Murphy said Friday after the company’s revenue growth beat analyst estimates in the second quarter. The Toronto-based owner of the Global television network, specialty TV channels such as HGTV Canada, local radio stations and content production studios, said its overall revenue for the quarter totalled $384.1 million.The Canadian Press
WASHINGTON — President Donald Trump says Herman Cain has withdrawn from consideration for a seat on the Federal Reserve’s board amid a focus on past scandals.Cain is a former CEO of Godfather’s Pizza who dropped out of the 2012 presidential race amid allegations of sexual harassment and infidelity. The issues resurfaced after Trump said he intended to nominate Cain to the central bank’s board of governors.Trump tweeted Monday that “My friend Herman Cain, a truly wonderful man, has asked me not to nominate him for a seat on the Federal Reserve Board. I will respect his wishes.”The president added that “Herman is a great American who truly loves our Country!”Trump has also nominated conservative ally Stephen Moore for a separate vacancy on the Fed’s seven-member board.The Associated Press
The theme of cultural sensitivity is at the heart of this year’s edition of The State of the World Population, an annual report released by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) which is this year subtitled “Reaching Common Ground: Culture, Gender and Human Rights.” “Our 2008 report is sharing our experience of many years of working within culture and engaging culture as an agent of change in order to advance gender equality,” said Aminata Touré, Chief of the Culture, Gender and Human Rights Branch of UNFPA, told a press conference at UN Headquarters in New York. “At UNFPA we use the term ‘culturally sensitive.’ In concrete term it means using the language of culture, leveraging the positive value of the cultures to bring about change… in the end to achieve and sustain human rights,” she said. With 2008 marking the 60th anniversary of the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), the report is based on the concept that the international human rights framework has universal validity, expressing values common to all cultures and protecting groups as well as individuals. The UNFPA report similarly reflects spirit of the commemoration, UNFPA Executive Director Thoraya Obaid noted. “Cultures change, for better or worse, in good times and bad. The report is about promoting human rights in all circumstances,” she said. Despite many declarations and affirmations in support of women’s rights, the report argues, gender inequality is widespread and deep-rooted in many cultures. Drawing on the example of female genital mutilation (FGM), Ms. Touré acknowledged that while most of the 28 countries where FGM is practised have enacted laws banning the custom, populations still do not abandon the practice as it is so deeply entrenched in cultural practices such as marriage. “If we are to be more effective and if we want to accelerate progress, we have to engage the community at a deeper level, in order to facility change in the life of the individual, the family and communities,” she said. Such a deeper level of engagement has included working with religious leaders on issues such as HIV/AIDS, women’s health and gender-based violence. The importance of culturally sensitive approaches are framed as essential throughout the report for reaching the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) aimed at promoting gender equality and the improvement of maternal health. “Culture is not a wall to tear down. It is a window to see through, a door to open to make greater progress for human rights,” said Ms. Obaid. “Human rights are everybody’s work, and being culturally sensitive and understanding the context is everybody’s business.” 12 November 2008Development strategies should be more culturally sensitive to the promotion of human rights, especially women’s rights, a new United Nations report finds, warning that otherwise many projects in poor countries are likely to fail.
“As our teams reach more displaced people we are seeing substantial needs,” Adrian Edwards, a spokesperson for the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), told a news conference in Geneva.The country’s political crisis ended when former president Laurent Gbagbo finally surrendered on 11 April, ending months of violence that erupted in the wake of his refusal to step down after he lost the UN-certified presidential run-off election last November to Alassane Ouattara.With security having improved in the past few weeks, UNHCR has regained access to internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the commercial capital of Abidjan it had been supporting before the fighting had disrupted its operations. While UNHCR welcomes the improved security throughout Côte d’Ivoire, it voiced concern about the large number of armed checkpoints. “We urge the new Ivorian Government to reduce these checkpoints, as they intimidate people wanting to return to places of origin,” said Mr. Edwards. “We also call on the Government to reassure the civilian population by speeding up efforts to re-establishing the presence of local authorities.” According to the agency, the number of IDPs in and around Abidjan has dropped from 35,000 at the end of March to 14,000 last week. At the same time, living conditions are “extremely precarious” as people have gone for weeks without adequate food. The agency’s staff found a similar situation in north-western and central western Côte d’Ivoire, where virtually all of the IDPs they visited in at least 15 locations were living with host families who are themselves running out of resources and living on a single meal per day. “Most people tell us they want to return to their places of origin as soon as possible,” said Mr. Edwards. “However, in many cases homes and villages have been either partially or totally destroyed, and people are traumatized.“In some town areas, residents go into hiding at night time,” he added.While humanitarian conditions are slowly improving in Duékoué with the return of aid agencies, UNHCR says there are still some 27,000 IDPs staying at the Catholic church compound. The agency has resumed work on a campsite at a nearby village with the aim of easing the congestion at the church compound. It is hoped that the camp will be finished in two weeks, and then the first group of 8,000 people will be relocated there. An estimated 1 million Ivorians were displaced by the violence during the recent crisis, including those who fled to neighbouring countries – particularly Liberia, which is hosting 135,000 Ivorian refugees.UNHCR said there are still an estimated 200,000 IDPs in western Côte d’Ivoire. Another 177,500 Ivorians are registered as refugees in 13 West African nations, including nearly 160,000 in Liberia where they continue to arrive at a rate of some 250 per day. Ghana and Togo have also seen a rise in the number of arrivals since the capture of Mr. Gbagbo, the agency reported, noting that an increasing number of them are pro-Gbagbo youths claiming to have run away due to fear of reprisals.UN aid agencies have been warning for several weeks that thousands of civilians are still suffering from the consequences of the four months of turmoil that engulfed the West African nation, with priority needs being health care, education, water, shelter and protection of those affected by the violence. UNHCR has already assisted 43,000 people in the west of the country with shelter materials and household goods. Last week, it received 32 truckloads of additional supplies from its warehouses in Liberia to assist 25,000 more IDPs in the region. Last month, the UN and its partners launched an appeal for $160 million to provide food security, nutrition, education, protection, water, health care and sanitation to as many as 2 million people throughout Côte d’Ivoire. As of last week, the appeal was 20 per cent funded.Cote 3 May 2011More than three weeks after the end of the post-electoral crisis in Côte d’Ivoire, the humanitarian situation in the country remains alarming for tens of thousands of civilians despite improved security, the United Nations refugee agency warned today.
The warning follows the release of a report on Friday, indicating that it is only large-scale humanitarian assistance being provided in many areas of the country, that has prevented even more devastating hunger during the July and August lean season.“More than six million lives shattered by hunger are just too many,” said Pierre Vauthier, the UN Food and Agriculture (FAO) Acting Representative in South Sudan.Violence in the country dates back to 2013 when political rivalry saw fighting erupt between army forces, and troops loyal to the Vice-President. It has left South Sudan facing one of the world’s worst humanitarian crises, according to the UN.More than six million lives shattered by hunger, are just too many – Pierre Vauthier, FAO in South SudanThis is despite the signing of a peace agreement between the President and his former deputy, earlier this month, and insecurity continues to be an obstacle to aid access. According to the latest FAO IPC report (shorthand for Integrated Food Security Phase Classification) on a scale of one to five, 47,000 people face the highest level of hunger in South Sudan (IPC phase 5).A further 1.7 million are at an “emergency” level (IPC4), and 6.1 million – nearly 60 per cent of the population – live in a “crisis” state of chronic food shortages (IPC3).The situation is deemed especially worrying in the former states of Unity, Lakes, Jonglei, Upper Nile and Western Bahr el Ghazal. Conditions are desperate in the counties of Leer and Mayendit in former Unity state, where famine was declared in February last year.Although famine was ultimately reversed in these famine-hit areas, lack of access has prevented humanitarians from assessing current needs. In addition to conflict-related displacement, the UN agencies insist that hunger is driven by disruption to livelihoods and markets, lack of access to social services and restricted trade, owing to inaccessible roads during the rainy season.UN agencies appeal for sustainable peaceTogether with the World Food Programme (WFP) and the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), FAO is appealing for a sustainable peace across the country, together with unhindered, safe access to all areas where survivors of the fighting have been left with nothing and need life-saving help.If this can be achieved, IPC forecasts show an improved, though still serious, outlook for the rest of the year and into 2019, the UN agencies said in a statement.“Assessment after assessment, we find that conflict is the main driver of this desperate situation, making it impossible for farmers to get back on their feet,” Mr Vauthier said. “We are reaching as many people as we can, in almost every county, but it is critical to end conflict and sustain peace to prevent an already severe food insecurity situation from deteriorating even further.”So far in 2018, WFP has reached more than three million people with 30,000 tons of food and $2.9 million in cash-based transfers.FAO has supported 1.4 million farmers with agricultural seeds and tools during the main planting season so that they can increase cereal production.UNICEF and its partners, meanwhile, have admitted more than 147,000 children suffering from severe acute malnutrition into outpatient treatment programmes and stabilization centres.
Facebook is good for a lot of things, whether you just want to play some FarmVille or you have a hard time remembering birthdays. But now the social network is looking to use its influence to help the environment with the new Green on Facebook initiative.By partnering with groups including the Alliance to Save Energy, the Digital Energy Solutions Campaign, and The Green Grid, Facebook is hoping to spread awareness of environmental issues using its considerable reach. Not only that, but the social network is also making changes itself. This includes creating a new programming language that cuts down CPU use by around 50 percent. This process is in use at Facebook, but the company also released the software as an open source project so that other companies can do the same.AdChoices广告“One of our core values at Facebook is the responsibility to do everything we can to reduce our environmental impact on the planet,” reads the Green on Facebook page. “We are proud that Facebook plays a unique part in promoting efforts to achieve a clean energy future. By enabling millions of people from diverse backgrounds to easily connect and share, we believe we can help unleash innovative environmental initiatives across the globe.”
Facebook Twitter: @NeosKosmos Instagram Greece and Cyprus have sealed a bilateral deal allowing for joint search-and-rescue operations between the two Mediterranean allies.The agreement was signed this week in Athens between Greek Foreign Minister Evangelos Venizelos and his Cypriot counterpart Ioannis Kasoulides.The deal came a week after Nicosia halted UN-brokered talks on reunifying the divided island in response to Turkey’s plan to search for gas and oil in waters where Cyprus is already licensed to drill.“You should all appreciate the timing of [this pact] between Greece and Cyprus,” Venizelos told reporters.Kasoulides said that the two allies are examining a wide range of options “depending on how [Turkey] chooses to escalate its provocations.”According to an official statement released in Nicosia, the deal provides for the coordination of search-and-rescue operations by the Joint Rescue Coordination Centres of Larnaca and of Piraeus. It also enables the exchange of information as well as joint searches and search drills.During the meeting, it was announced that the first trilateral summit between Greece, Cyprus and Egypt will take place in Cairo on November 9. A meeting between the three countries’ foreign ministers will be held in Nicosia at an earlier date. Greece and Egypt are seeking to carve out the two countries’ maritime zones.Source: Kathimerini
According to the announcement, that means committing more resources to digital operations and City Studio, the company’s newly-created custom publishing and native advertising arm, which will debut this month. Poynter reports that S.I. Rosenbaum, senior editor at Boston magazine, was laid off this afternoon, and that associate digital editor Olivia Rassow also appears to be among those leaving the company. Senior writer Erick Trickey tweeted that today was his last day, as well. As part of the changes, Philadelphia magazine editor Tom McGrath was promoted to chief content and strategy officer, where he’ll oversee corporate strategy and help launch CityStudio. Whether this is a newly-created position or if McGrath is replacing someone remains unclear. Deputy editor Patrick Kerkstra will replace McGrath as editor. “Metro Corp. has responded boldly to the changing media landscape in the last few years, particularly with the growth of our digital and events business,” wrote chairman and CEO David Lipson in the announcement. “As the world evolves, it is essential that we evolve with it.” I lost my job. Anyone hiring? Metro Corp., the Philadelphia-based publisher of Boston and Philadelphia magazines, is reducing its staff and reorganizing personnel in a company-wide effort aimed at “addressing the changing media environment,” the company announced today. A notice posted on both magazines’ websites stated that seven of the company’s 134 positions will be eliminated, including three in the Philadelphia office. The moves come just days after Carly Carioli stepped down as editor-in-chief of Boston magazine, ending his two-and-a-half-year tenure at the helm. — S.I. Rosenbaum (@sirosenbaum) January 5, 2016 Today was my last day at Boston Magazine. I’m thankful for a great year writing for a fantastic team, esp. @CarlyCarioli & @ChrisJVogel. — Erick Trickey (@ErickTrickey) January 5, 2016
2:22 That change, while costly, should help Amazon stand out with its customers, who now pay $119 a year for Prime, while forcing other retailers to figure out how to keep pace with the world’s biggest online retailer. Amazon’s move may eventually be a boon for consumers, resulting in even faster delivery times from many of the biggest e-retailers. But those businesses could need to balance their shrinking profits with getting you that merino wool sweater in a single day.So even as rivals work on faster shipments, don’t expect them to match Amazon quickly. It took traditional retailers like Target and Walmart years to build up their two-day shipping capabilities. Even Amazon, which has a more robust shipping infrastructure developed over 20 years, isn’t yet capable of one-day shipping for more than a small selection of its products.”When the biggest guy tells you, ‘We’re going to get you your stuff in 24 hours,’ that sets the new bar,” Benchmark analyst Daniel L. Kurnos said. He added that rivals will need to accelerate their work speeding up shipments or risk losing sales to Amazon. The change should “only solidify Amazon’s dominance in the marketplace,” he wrote in a note to investors Friday.Walmart quickly responded to Amazon’s new plans, tweeting late on Friday: “One-day free shipping…without a membership fee. Now THAT would be groundbreaking. Stay tuned.”Amazon’s Olsavsky said the company is spending $800 million this quarter, starting in North America, and Amazon plans to spend plenty more throughout this year to build up its shipping capabilities.The change should be most significant in the US, which is the biggest Amazon Prime market. The company has already moved to mostly one-day shipping in the European Union and same-day in Japan. But Olsavsky said this will be a global effort, so Prime customers worldwide should expect to see more selection and faster shipping times as this project moves forward.In the US, two-day shipping is offered for more than 100 million items, while Amazon says one-day deliveries are available for “millions” of items. Three million items are available for same-day delivery in a limited number of markets. Tags Amazon Prime two-day shipping drops down to one day Amazon Prime one-day delivery plans have this union worried Amazon Scout robots are heading out to deliver packages Amazon Prime E-commerce Amazon Comments 19 How Amazon ships its biggest and bulkiest stuff More on Amazon deliveries Now playing: Watch this: Amazon’s one-day shipping plans have already been called a game-changer in retail. But Forrester analyst Sucharita Kodali isn’t totally sold on whether that’s the case. She said customers are already getting some items ahead of the two-day shipping timeline and getting others later than two days due to delays. Considering that situation, she doesn’t expect much to change.”It seems to me as marketing spin to a product they’ve already rolled out a long time ago,” she said of the one-day shipping announcement.Other retailers are likely to respond, she said, since they typically freak out about whatever Amazon does. She cautioned that rivals should focus on something else instead. Customers just want free shipping that’s accurate, and don’t care as much about expedited deliveries, Kodali said.Separately, the Retail, Wholesale and Department Store Union, a longtime critic of Amazon, raised concerns about how the change may harm warehouse workers.”Increasing fulfillment speeds means they need to hire more workers, under more sustainable speeds that don’t put workers’ lives in jeopardy,” RWDSU President Stuart Appelbaum said.What comes after one-day shipping?Amazon and others are already laying the groundwork for the next step after one-day shipping.In addition to same-day deliveries, Amazon created a two-hour shipping program called Prime Now and several retailers have worked to match that effort by partnering with rapid-delivery services like Deliv.Amazon, Google and others are also developing delivery drones that are meant to ship products within 30 minutes. For now, these drones are very limited in the US and aren’t expected to reach the mainstream anytime soon. Amazon is testing these drones in England, and Google parent Alphabet just this week received certification to operate its drones in southwest Virginia.A few years from now, these efforts may make even one-day shipping seem annoyingly slow. Share your voice Internet Amazon wants to ship you all this stuff in just a day. Ben Fox Rubin/CNET When Amazon introduced Prime in 2005, it was an innovative concept. Give the company $79 a year and in exchange, you can get unlimited two-day shipping.That idea sparked a race to drastically speed up delivery times for online purchases. Fourteen years later, two-day deliveries are now much more common.Looking to stay one step ahead of the competition, Amazon on Thursday said it plans to shift its two-day Prime shipping to just one day.”We’ll be building most of this capacity through the year, in 2019,” Chief Financial Officer Brian Olsavsky said. “We expect to make steady progress quickly and through the year.”
Prime minister Sheikh HasinaPrime minister Sheikh Hasina on Wednesday told parliament that the government is investigating what she called as money laundering by the members of BNP chairperson Khaleda Zia’s family.Hasina said that appropriate actions will be taken against them accordingly.”After investigation, we’ll surely take steps to bring the money back based on the information that where and how it went out from the country,” she said.The prime minister said this while replying to a supplementary question of Jatiya Party MP Fakhrul Imam during the prime minister’s question-answer session in parliament.She said the government is aware about the GIN report that published on the siphoning off money by the family members of the BNP chief to various countries of the world.”An investigation is on…we also have a system to investigate the money-laundering cases through a section under the Bangladesh Bank. The investigation is going on there.We’ll take appropriate measurers after scrutinising the facts through the investigation,” she said.The prime minister said the government by the time has taken some steps regarding the matter. “I can’t tell everything for the sake of the ongoing investigation.”She said it is known to everyone in the country that BNP had killed people, tortured them during their rule and they even killed people through arson attacks and unleashed terrorism and militancy when Awami League came to power. “When they (BNP) were in power they looted money and siphoned off it. People always alleged about it…it’s known to all.”The prime minister said the government already brought back some of the money siphoned off by Khaleda’s youngest son Arafat Rahman Koko. This was the first time in Bangladesh history that siphoned off money was brought back,” she told the House.When it was in power, Hasina said, BNP had looted the wealth of people, making Bangladesh the champion in the index of corruption for five consecutive times.”During the BNP-Jamaat tenure, the socioeconomic status of people had downgraded as there was no development in the country. Those who looted the money of people will surely face the appropriate action,” she said.
A federal grand jury in San Antonio has issued multiple felony fraud charges against a Texas state senator from a border district.Senator Carlos Uresti, a Democrat from San Antonio, was charged Tuesday with bribery, wire fraud, conspiracy to commit money laundering and securities fraud.If convicted, Uresti could face up to 20 years in prison on several of the charges.Federal officials say Uresti is expected to be arraigned in a San Antonio court on Wednesday.The indictments accuse Uresti of engaging in an investment Ponzi scheme to market hydraulic fracturing sand for oil production. He’s also charged of aiding a bribery scheme to secure a prison medical services contract.Uresti’s office did not immediately comment. Uresti is one of 11 democrats in the 31-member Texas Senate.See the two separate indictments returned by a federal grand jury against Senator Uresti below: Share
Dr. Khalil Gibran MuhammadThe Smithsonian’s Anacostia Community Museum will host an annual Martin Luther King Jr. Program on Jan. 15 from 7 p.m. to 9 p.m. at the Baird Auditorium located between 10th & Constitution Ave. NW. The “Looking Back, Moving Forward” program will feature Dr. Khalil Gibran Muhammad, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, as the keynote speaker. There will also be a performance by Crazee Praize Nation Mime Troupe. The event is free and open to the public. Reservations are required. To RSVP, call 202-633-4875 or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
Kolkata: for the first time in the history of Metro Railway in Kolkata, a person was fined Rs 1,000 for obstructing passenger movement by sitting on the staircase of the platform at M G Road Metro station on Thursday.According to Metro Railway, a passenger on Thursday afternoon was found sitting on the staircase at M G Road Metro station. At that moment, two rakes in had arrived in both the Up and Down lines. As passengers from both the rakes were in a hurry, a huge rush occurred on the staircase. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataMetro authorities claimed that after some passengers complained about the man sitting on the staircase, a few Metro staff and Railway Protection Force (RPF) personnel went there and asked the passenger, identified as S Kishor of Jharkhand, to move. It has been alleged that despite repeated requests, he did not move and on the contrary, used abusive language towards the Metro employees and RPF personnel. Immediately, he was taken to the station master’s room and was fined Rs 1,000 for misbehaving with government employees under section 146 of the Railways Act. However, the passenger claimed that he did not misbehave with the employees and that he has been fined illegally. On the other hand, the Commissioner of Railway Safety (CRS) officially started investigation on Thursday regarding the death of Sajal Kanjilal. Apart from the persons on duty at Park Street Metro station, personnel from the Integral Coach Factory (ICF), which had manufactured the ‘medha’ rakes, will also be called for questioning.
The ICLR paper, ‘Zero-Shot learning for Visual Imitation’ is a collaborative effort by Deepak Pathak, Parsa Mahmoudieh, Michael Luo, Pulkit Agrawal, Dian Chen, Fred Shentu, Evan Shelhamer, Jitendra Malik, Alexei A. Efros, and Trevor Darrell. In this article, we will come across one of the main problems with imitation learning, the expense of expert demonstration. The authors here propose a method for sidestepping this issue by using the random exploration of an agent to learn generalizable skills which can then be applied without any specific pretraining on any new task. Reducing the expert demonstration expense with Zero-shot visual imitation What problem is the paper trying to solve? In order to carry out imitation, the expert should be able to simply demonstrate tasks capably without lots of effort, instrumentation, or engineering. Collecting too many demonstrations is time-consuming, exact state-action knowledge is impractical, and reward design is involved and takes more than task expertise. The agent should be able to achieve goals based on the demonstrations without having to devote time learning to do each and every task. To address these issues, the authors recast learning from demonstration into doing from demonstration by (1) Only giving demonstrations during inference and, (2) Restricting demonstrations to visual observations alone rather than full state-actions. Instead of imitation learning, the agent must learn to imitate. This is the goal that the authors are trying to achieve. Paper summary This paper explains how existing approaches to imitation learning distill both what to do (goal) and how to do it (skills), from expert demonstrations. However, this expertise is effective but expensive supervision: it is not always practical to collect many detailed demonstrations. The authors here suggest that if an agent has access to its environment along with the expert, it can learn skills from its own experience and rely on expertise for the goals alone. And so, they have proposed a ‘Zero-shot’ method which does not include any expert actions or demonstrations during learning. The zero-shot imitator has no prior knowledge of the environment and makes no use of the expert during training. It learns from experience to follow experts, for instance, the authors conducted certain experiments such as, navigating an office with a turtlebot, and manipulating rope with a baxter robot. Key takeaways The authors have proposed a method for learning a parametric skill function (PSF) that takes as input a description of the initial state, goal state, parameters of the skill and outputs a sequence of actions (could be of varying length), which take the agent from initial state to goal state. The authors have shown real-world results for office navigation and rope manipulation but make no domain assumptions limiting the method to these problems. Zero-shot imitators learn to follow demonstrations without any expert supervision during learning. This approach learns task priors of representation, goals, and skills from the environment in order to imitate the goals given by the expert during inference. Reviewer comments summary Overall Score: 25/30 Average Score: 8 As per one of the reviewers, the proposed approach is well founded and the experimental evaluations are promising. The paper is well written and easy to follow. The skill function uses a RNN as function approximator and minimizes the sum of two losses i.e. the state mismatch loss over the trajectory (using an explicitly learnt forward model) and the action mismatch loss (using a model-free action prediction module) . This is hard to do in practice due to jointly learning both the forward model as well as the state mismatches. So first they are separately learnt and then fine-tuned together. Read Next One Shot Learning: Solution to your low data problem Using Meta-Learning in Nonstationary and Competitive Environments with Pieter Abbeel What is Meta Learning?
Former Arizona Rep. Don Shooter shows health improvement New Valley school lets students pick career-path academies In this photo taken on April 10, 2015, Moshe Tirosh, 78, pauses during an interview with The Associated Press in Warsaw, Poland. Tirosh incredibly survived the Holocaust, being thrown out of the Warsaw Ghetto in a sack before being hidden at the Warsaw zoo. He was later abandoned in the rubble of the city after the Warsaw Uprising, but miraculously lived to the end of the war with other Polish orphans.(AP Photo/Czarek Sokolowski) Pietak stepped in again, this time to smuggle the Kenigsweins to the Warsaw zoo, where the director and his wife, Jan and Antonina Zabinski, had been sheltering Jews.On a rainy night, the family climbed into a horse-driven carriage for the trip, past German guards on both sides of a bridge.Pietak sat next to the driver. When they approached the guards, he pulled out a bottle of moonshine and splashed the horses and himself with it.“Halt!” the Germans ordered. When they smelled the alcohol, they shouted: “Polish pigs, go away!”They made it to the zoo. By this time, most of the animals had been killed or hauled off to Germany, and Zabinski had turned it into a pig farm.The Zabinskis could not keep them indefinitely. With the help of Pietak, the family found shelter in the tiny apartment of a captain in Poland’s underground army. But the necessity of buying so much food for such a small household was certain to arouse suspicion.So it was decided that splitting up the family would increase their chances.A shopkeeper agreed to adopt Stefania but it was more difficult to shield Jewish boys, because they were circumcised.Pietak found a place for Miecio with a woman he remembers as Mrs. Wala. She had a daughter about his age and agreed to take him in for money. Top Stories How Arizona is preparing the leader of the next generation During the 1944 bombardment, the German response to the Warsaw uprising, sirens signaled for people to take shelter and Miecio ran into a cellar with Mrs. Wala.The bombing caused the four-story building above them to collapse. The survivors emerged to an apocalyptic scene.“In one hand, Mrs. Wala held a suitcase and, in the other, her little daughter’s hand,” he said. “I held onto her skirt and we ran.”“At one point, we stopped and I lost hold of her. … She turned to me and made an expression that said she was very sorry that she was leaving me, and then she walked away with her daughter.”Miecio pressed his hands together and kept repeating “Jesus, where is my aunt?” Mrs. Wala had taught him to do it — to appear Catholic.Polish underground fighters pulled him into shelter. They gave him a card saying he was an orphan and sent him on. With the help of another stranger, he made his way to an orphanage.He was evacuated with the other orphans to southern Poland, and lived out the war in a monastery.“There I endured hell,” he said, describing hunger, flea infestations and beatings by older boys who discovered he was Jewish after pulling his pants down. Disease was rife. Every day, nuns carted away the corpses of children. Get a lawn your neighbor will be jealous of Comments Share “How can he be yours if you are Jewish and he is a Pole?” the director asked.The boy was told to pull down his pants, his circumcision again the proof of his Jewish heritage.After the war, Samuel Kenigswein made a fortune manufacturing shoe polish. Two more children were born. Then their luck ran out: Samuel Kenigswein’s heart gave out in 1948, soon after his fifth child was born.In 1957, the rest of the family emigrated to Israel. Tirosh became an army officer and married.Today, he speaks with joy of his three children, six grandchildren and an extended family of 56.Copyright © The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed. Milstead says best way to stop wrong-way incidents is driving sober Ex-FBI agent details raid on Phoenix body donation facility Sponsored Stories WARSAW, Poland (AP) — The young boy emerged from the rubble of Warsaw, clinging to a woman he knew only as Mrs. Wala. She turned and walked off, and 7-year-old Mieczyslaw Kenigswein was alone, lost in the Holocaust.He is now 78, an Israeli with a Hebrew name, Moshe Tirosh. During a visit to Warsaw, he recalled surviving the war not knowing if his parents were dead or alive — and how random twists of fate saved his life. On New Year’s Eve, just weeks before the arrival of the Soviet army ended the Nazi occupation, a farmer and his wife came to the orphanage to adopt a boy. Lifting Miecio’s chin, the wife turned to the priest and said, “Father, we want this one.”“No, you don’t,” Father Andrzej said. “He is weak, and always sick.”But the couple insisted. That night, the farmer’s wife bathed him. Despite his efforts to hide his private parts, she discovered his circumcision. The next morning, the farmer returned Miecio to the orphanage.Today, he is grateful the couple didn’t keep him. Had he stayed on the farm, he might never have been found by his mother.With 6 million Jews dead and survivors bereft of loved ones, the Kenigsweins were lucky: Both parents and their three children survived, and Regina Kenigswein eventually tracked down her children.The woman who adopted Stefania did not want to give her up but was persuaded when offered money.The youngest, Stanislaw, had been evacuated with other foundlings to the city of Czestochowa, where his mother found him.She found Miecio 10 months later in a church-run orphanage in Krakow, where he was taken after the war. At first, he didn’t recognize her. The orphanage director, not knowing he was Jewish, didn’t want to give him up. Tirosh’s earliest memories are of hunger and misery in the Warsaw Ghetto.Called Miecio as a boy, he was nearly 5 when his mother, Regina, gave birth to her third child under floorboards, biting her knuckles to keep from screaming so the Germans would not discover them.The parents made the excruciating decision to part with the infant to increase his chances of survival.With the help of a young Pole, Zygmunt Pietak, his mother smuggled the newborn out of the ghetto and left him on a street corner with a card bearing the name “Stanislaw Pomorski” — meant to hide his Jewish origins.A Polish policeman took the baby to a home for abandoned children.The next year, Tirosh’s father, Samuel, was helping other Jews plan the ghetto uprising when he decided to flee with his family.Now 6, Miecio and his 4-year-old sister, Stefania, were packed in padded sacks and thrown over the ghetto walls. Then the parents climbed over.They found shelter with a Polish family, the Raczeks. The family hid behind apartment walls or in closets during German inspections. The punishment for helping Jews was severe: death to any rescuer and their family.Mrs. Raczek decided after a few months she could no longer bear the risk. 4 ways to protect your company from cyber breaches
Cardinals coach Ken Whisenhunt does not know when quarterback Kevin Kolb will return to the field.The coach, speaking to the media for the first time since word leaked that Kolb suffered a variety of injuries in Sunday’s loss to the Bills, said he was not trying to dodge the question.“A lot of it’s going to depend on how he heals, how he gets back, gets the soreness out,” Whisenhunt said Wednesday. “I couldn’t tell you. There’s a lot of speculation about a time period, but we’ll just take it one week at a time and see how he’s doing.” Whisenhunt said Kolb will be with the team getting treatment, and it’s all a matter of how he progresses.With Kolb out, John Skelton assumes the role of starter, with rookie Ryan Lindley becoming the backup once again. Whisenhunt expressed little hesitation going forward with just two quarterbacks.“We kind of did that the first couple of weeks, didn’t we,” Whisenhunt said. “The only difference is John is coming back off the ankle but it seems like it’s fine.”The coach did admit it’s “a little bit scary” carrying just two healthy quarterbacks, but added that many teams are taking the same approach. Grace expects Greinke trade to have emotional impact The 5: Takeaways from the Coyotes’ introduction of Alex Meruelo Former Cardinals kicker Phil Dawson retires Derrick Hall satisfied with D-backs’ buying and selling Top Stories 0 Comments Share
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Braaten said his firm recently completed its review of the deleted emails and claims the department was permanently destroying records that included inter-agency communications reports and photos of oil spills from emergency managers and landowners and reports of discrepancies in gas flaring data“It is illegal These are records that shouldn’t be deleted My concern is there’s no control over this The attorney general could reprimand the department but the more important thing is to get a document retention policy in place” said Braaten adding that what he found in deleted emails could be crucial evidence for a landowner who has a grievance on a saltwater spill for exampleBraaten said the Oil and Gas Division charged his firm $8900 for the email files paid for by oil patch landowners who were concerned about the permanent loss of oil and gas records The firm has a reputation for representing landowners and citizen groups affected by the industryThe money charged was to reimburse the state for Oil and Gas employee time to locate and read through the restored emails and redact any confidential informationBraaten said he asked twice for a copy of the Oil and Gas Division’s document retention policy during his review and was never provided one leading him to believe the agency didn’t have oneThe department’s spokeswoman Alison Ritter provided a statement in response to the issue: “Email traffic at (the Department of Mineral Resources) is subject to applicable open records laws as public information Information contained within emails that is subject to state retention procedures is retained and placed within the applicable database The department follows state document retention procedures” She provided the retention protocol for 112 various records generated by the department including for email communications The policy says that after any conditions within the email are met it’s subject to being landfilled or deleted Ritter did not provide an explanation for why so many emails dating back for months were deleted within the two-week timeframeBraaten said the lack of clarity about the agency’s email records makes it all the more necessary that the Oil and Gas Division — an agency under the State Industrial Commission — undergo a performance audit He said some information from the deleted emails should have been stored with the permanent case file that’s kept for each oil well so the public would have access to all the related information in one location instead of having to ask for various kinds of records“Personally what bothers me more are reports of documents being destroyed and misreporting of oil and gas numbers I don’t know why there’s such resistance to an audit We spent thousands of dollars to find out what’s going on You’d think Oil and Gas would want an audit” Braaten saidThe deleted emails were made public by then-governor candidates Rep Marvin Nelson D-Rolla and Paul Sorum a Bismarck Republican based on an undisclosed tip that the deletions were related to improper reporting and transportation of oil and valuable natural gas liquidsThat wasn’t uncovered in the email review but Nelson said he continues to press for a performance audit of the department because of the complexity of files permits and reports maintained by the division some in boxes in a warehouse QuonsetHe said he’s not making accusations or alleging anything improper but says: “It’s a very complicated department and if we don’t do an audit how do we know they’re doing what they should be”As an example Nelson said he’s gone through the work of adding up the oil production of every well from its associated case file and says it never agrees with Helm’s monthly production reports“He’s always reporting a number larger than the well files add up to” said Nelson adding a performance audit would explain discrepancies and guide a document retention policy “Is having to retain every email for five years useful I don’t know But the policy should be easy for the public to find"Ritter said Helms’ monthly reports include production from all wells along with oil from saltwater disposal wells treating plants and condensate from gas gathering systems The agency is subject to routine audits by the State Auditor’s office and Ritter said one completed for the 2013-2015 biennium resulted in no procedures that needed correctionThe Oil and Gas Division is an agency under the State Industrial Commission consisting of Ag Commissioner Doug Goehring Gov Doug Burgum and Attorney General Wayne Stenehjem Stenehjem who also oversees adherence to the state’s open records laws was not available for commentAs Nigerians mark Eld Kabir celebration the Muslims in Abia state have urged the federal government to step up measures towards alleviating the suffering of Nigerian masses They however expressed worry over the increasing poverty level in the country advising the government to lay more emphasis on ameliorating the hardship being faced by the people This was contained in a Sallah message issued to newsmen by the leader of Muslim community in Abia Alhaji Suleiman Ukandu and forwarded to DAILY POST on Tuesday morning They equally called on the government to redouble its efforts towards addressing insecurity in the country The Eld-el-Kabir message reads”We call for peace to reign and for us to step up the need for unity of the country But not the unity that do not favour all a unity that ensures that all the component parts of the country all the federating units are carried along “Let all and sundry feel the impact and import of being Nigerians And also the security of the country is in near collapse The government should bring out mechanism that will ensure the security of lives and property of our people The federal government should look inwards towards revolving the local vigilante empowering the locals to ensure there is security in their own domain “We urge the federal government to look at the poverty level our people are subjected to They should lay more emphasis on alleviating the suffering of the masses rather than politicking resuscitation of bitterness among the political class “We should also look at the economy which is in a very serious retrogression to step up mechanism that will ensure a private-driven economy It will enable our teeming youths who are coming out from the tertiary institutions to have access to employment Because overburden on Bureaucracy cannot give us the minimum level of employment of our citizenry “We should do what it takes to direct our energy towards a private driven economy backed up by a robustful foreign direct investment And for us to do that we have to go back to ensure there is adequate security in our country” IDEAS The Aspen Institute is an educational and policy studies organization based in Washington DC 1 Its time to give up the uniquely American institution of the network anchorman By Frank Rich in New York magazine 2 On Billie Holidays 100th birthday her "spiritual endowment" endures By Wynton Marsalis in Time 3 How to save crowdfunding from scammers and flakes By Klint Finley in Wired 4 Heres how Putin could lose power By Amanda Taub in Vox 5 What if the secret to racial harmony is more uplifting internet videos By Katie Jacobs at Penn State News The Aspen Institute is an educational and policy studies organization based in Washington DC Contact us at editors@timecom IDEAS TIME Ideas hosts the world’s leading voices providing commentary on events in news society and culture We welcome outside contributions Opinions expressed do not necessarily reflect the views of TIME editors YOU BROKE TIMECOM Dear TIME Reader As a regular visitor to TIMEcom we are sure you enjoy all the great journalism created by our editors and reporters Great journalism has great value and it costs money to make it One of the main ways we cover our costs is through advertising The use of software that blocks ads limits our ability to provide you with the journalism you 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